Most comon reason for tooth surgery are dental cysts, they occur as a result of caries and poor oral hygiene.
Cysts are pathological cavities which are lined with fabric and filled with fluid. Can develop in the jaw and soft tissues (lips, cheeks …). Two types of cysts are most often in the jaw: radicular cysts (dental cyst on top of the root) and follicular cysts.
Dental cysts (on top of the root) occur as a reaction to constant infection that comes over the top of the root into the jaw from infected tooth pulp (Gangrene), as a result of Caries. Cysts may develop around the crown of the impacted tooth, those are follicular cysts. They usually develop around impacted third molars and canines. Generally grow without symptoms and are discovered on panoramic snapshot of both jaws. When they appear, in most cases it is necessary to extract the tooth along with cyst.
Can a number of cysts occur at the same time?
If there are more infected tooth in the mouth, each can have a cyst. For some people, it is more likely due to poor hygiene and untreated tooth with large caries. Lately, it is considered that there is a genetic predisposition for the development of these lesions, which can be prevented by timely treatment. There are some congenital syndromes in which, among other disorders, appearance of multiple cysts is characteristic.
What are the symptoms that may indicate the presence of cysts?
Dental cysts in most cases begin to develop without symptoms, until they reach the appropriate size, or when they reach a state of acute infection. The following conditions may indicate the presence of cysts:
- Changed color of the teeth (a sign that pulp is dying out)
- Large untreated carious lesions on teeth
- Hard protrusion on the bone above the teeth (as a result of the growth of cysts)
- Fissure at the root discharging its contents
- In the acute phase: pain , swelling, redness of tooth
- Unpleasant discharge from the nose (a sign of perforated sinus)
- The absence of eruption of permanent teeth and persistent milk tooth
What problems can arise as a consequence of the growing cyst?
As they grow, cysts gradually absorbe the surrounding bone and can weaken the jaw, damage adjacent healthy teeth, penetrate the adjacent anatomical structures (sinus, nose) and make serious complications. Can be acutely infected and cause large painful swelling on the face.
Appart from the teeth, where can cyst appear?
Practically in all tissues, but the most common place is on the lower lip. This has nothing to do with teeth, but is due to duct obstruction of the minor salivary glands located in the mucous membrane of the mouth. Channel is clogged due to constant biting of the lower lip (trauma).