Inflammation of the gums, which is not treated in time can progress to periodontitis, leading to tooth loss, and create other health problems. So we will try to explain what periodontitis is and how to treat it.
Periodontitis is a bacterial infection that affects gums and bone that hold teeth in your mouth. It can affect one tooth or several teeth. The disease begins as gingivitis (isolated inflammation of the gingiva), and if favorable conditions for bacterial growth continue, it will progresses to periodontitis.
The main cause of Periodontitis is bacterial plaque, a sticky transparent substance that is constantly formed around your teeth. Bacteria found in plaque produce toxins that damage the gums and bone. Gums can become red, swollen and bleed easily on touch. If the irritation continues, the gums will separate from teeth and create pockets (empty spaces). Plaque can harden into a rough, porous substance called tartar. It is created above the gums, when it can be seen and felt, or under the gums, when it can not be seen, but it is a constant irritation to the gums. In order to completely remove such tartar sometimes we have to separate the gums from the teeth and perform a periodontal surgery to clean the tooth root.
Sometimes Periodontitis may not be related to bleeding gums, redness and swelling. So the patient can not detect periodontitis in its onset. Therefore, we emphasize great importance of good oral hygiene and regular inspection by the dentist, because in that way you will surely prevent the occurrence of periodontitis or detect it in the early stages, and save your teeth.
Periodontitis is caused by the following factors:
- hormonal disorders
- poor oral hygiene
- irregular position of teeth